Community Development

Overview

We build great neighborhoods in partnership with community organizations by supporting housing and community development activities.

The mission of the Community Development Department (CDD) is Building Great Neighborhoods! We build great neighborhoods in partnership with community-based organizations, housing developers and service providers by investing in programs and services that benefit low- and moderate-income persons, families, and neighborhoods. Financing for activities is provided primarily through programs from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to improve housing and economic opportunities and the living environment. The CDD operates housing and community development programs that increase housing stability and access to affordable housing, improve housing and neighborhood conditions, and provide economic opportunities for low- and moderate-income residents and vulnerable populations. We are also responsible for implementation and oversight of the indigent defense system within the 61st District Court.

Grants Management
The Grants Management Office plans, allocates, administers, and monitors federal, state and philanthropic grant funds for housing and community development activities. Fund sources include, but are not limited to, the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG), HOME Investment Partnerships (HOME), Emergency Solutions Grants (ESG), Justice Assistance Grant (JAG), Lead Hazard Control Grant, Michigan Indigent Defense Commission (MIDC), and CHIP Lead Grant.

Housing Rehabilitation
The Housing Rehabilitation Office facilitates housing rehabilitation projects for owner- and tenant-occupied housing. Projects include emergency repairs of roofs and furnaces, major interior, and exterior improvements, lead based paint remediation, andimprovements that address health issues such as asthma.

Reduction of Child Lead Exposure
The CDD is actively engaged in initiatives to reduce lead-based paint exposure. The CDD operates lead-paint remediation programs supported through HUD’s Lead Based Paint Hazard Reduction Program and Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) CHIP Program.

Accounting and Technology
Grants administration for federal, state, and philanthropic grant funds requires significant financial oversight. Our Accounting and Technology Office manages the Department’s fiscal resources and ongoing required financial reporting.

Homelessness Coordination
The CDD is actively engaged in addressing issues of homelessness. Staff facilitate partnerships, coordinate internal and external City service responses, and support community initiatives.

Michigan Indigent Defense Compliance
The CDD is responsible for ensuring compliance with Michigan Indigent Defense Commission standards adopted by the Michigan legislature. Staff ensure indigent criminal defendants in the 61st District Court obtain legal representation separate and without bias from the judiciary system.

Homelessness and Eviction Prevention

For assistance with homelessness or housing instability, call 2-1-1.

Call 2-1-1

Learn about the City and community efforts to end homelessness.

Homelessness

Learn about the Eviction Prevention Program.

Eviction Prevention Program


Homeownership

Learn about the resources available for locating, buying, moving into, maintaining, and renovating a home. Information regarding foreclosure prevention is also available. 

Homeownership


Fair Housing

The federal Fair Housing Act prohibits housing discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status, or disability. In Michigan, state law provides additional protection for age, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression. The City of Grand Rapids has a local ordinance that expands coverage for legal and verifiable source of income. 

Learn more or contact the Fair Housing Center of West Michigan. 

Fair Housing


Housing Rehabilitation Program

The Housing Rehabilitation Program offers affordable loans for home repairs. Learn more below.

Housing Rehabilitation Program


Lead Hazard Control

The Lead Hazard Control Program offers assistance to remove lead hazards from homes in Grand Rapids. Learn more below.

Lead Hazard Control


Neigborhood Enterprise Zones

Development and/or rehabilitation of residential housing in a NEZ may be eligible for a property tax exemption. Learn more below.

Neighborhood Enterprise Zones

Learn more about our funding process for community organizations conducting housing and community development activities.

Grant Funding

Grant Information

We administer the following federally-funded grant programs:

  • Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)
  • HOME Investment Partnerships (HOME)
  • Justice Assistance Grant (JAG)
  • Emergency Solutions/Shelter Grant (ESG)

Community Development 

The CDBG program provides funding for a variety of community development programs, primarily to improve housing, the living environment, and economic opportunities for low- and moderate-income residents. CDBG supports housing rehabilitation, code enforcement, improvements to community facilities, public improvement projects, economic development projects, community services, and other programs. CDBG activities may be undertaken by eligible government agencies, qualified non-profit organizations, or certain other eligible service providers. The Community Development Department administers approximately $4.5 million in CDBG funds annually.

Home Investment Partnerships program (home)

The HOME program is designed to help communities provide affordable housing for lower-income persons. The funds may be used for homeowner rehabilitation and first-time homebuyer programs. It may also be used for rental rehabilitation and rental assistance programs. New construction is permissible under certain circumstances. HOME activities may be undertaken by the City or by nonprofit/for-profit developers. A minimum of 15% of a community's annual grant must be set aside for a certain kind of nonprofit agency known as a "Community Housing Development Organization", or CHDO. The Community Development Department administers approximately $1 million in HOME funds annually.

justice assistance grant (JAG) program

The JAG program provides funds on a formula basis to units of local government to reduce crime and improve public safety. The City of Grand Rapids uses a portion of these funds for the purpose of establishing cooperative crime prevention programs between community residents and the City of Grand Rapids' Police Department. The Community Development Department administers approximately $80,000 in JAG funds annually.

Emergency solutions grants (esg) program

The ESG program is intended to benefit homeless persons and families by supporting homeless shelters and services. Eligible uses of ESG funds include repair and rehabilitation of shelters, homeless prevention activities, and essential services (such a counseling, placement, etc.). ESG activities may be undertaken by nonprofit homeless shelter or service providers. The Community Development Department administers approximately $310,000 in ESG funds annually.

Income Limits

The CDBG, HOME, and ESG programs operate under federally established income guidelines. The guidelines are based on median family income for the area and are updated each year.     

Neighborhood Investment Plan

The Neighborhood Investment Plan(PDF, 1MB) is the City's grant investment plan for housing and community development activities. The City provides funding to support a variety of programs and projects. These investments make a positive impact in the community.

Geographic Targeting

Some of the activities funded under the Neighborhood Investment Plan have geographic targeting requirements. Most of the activities funded by the Community Development Block Grant Program are geographically targeted. The Target Area Map identifies the General Target Area (GTA) and Specific Target Areas (STAs) within the City of Grand Rapids. The GTA is the largest geographic area and has access to a range of services, including housing programs, legal assistance, downpayment assistance, and crime prevention. Within the GTA are more concentrated areas of focus, known as STAs. The STAs have access to major housing rehabilitation, street improvements, concentrated code enforcement, and support for neighborhood associations. Generally, community development programs and activities are limited to the GTA. However, activities related to fair housing, affordable housing development, and access modifications for persons with disabilities are available citywide. The Target Area Street Directory is designed to identify the location of specific addresses relative to the GTA and STAs.

The Community Development Department administers other grant programs in addition to the CDBG program. Following is information about geographic targeting requirements for these programs.

HOME Investment Partnerships Program (HOME)
The HOME program supports the targeted approach of the CDBG program in several of its programs and projects. HOME funds may support projects anywhere in the City as long as the activities serve low- and moderate-income persons.

Justice Assistance Grant Program (JAG)
This program does not have a geographic targeting component other than the city limits; however, the targeted approach is generally supported for crime prevention activities.

Emergency Solutions Grants Program (ESG)
This program does not have a geographic targeting component other than the city limits.

Click below for the Target Area Map and Street Directory.

Target Area Map(PDF, 723KB)

Target Area Street Directory(PDF, 933KB)

Annual Action Plan

This one-year plan describes funding and activities for the fiscal year.  The Action Plan includes planned programs and funding amounts for the following programs:

  • Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)
  • HOME Investment Partnerships (HOME)
  • Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG)
  • Emergency Solutions Grants (ESG)

(PDF, 2MB)FY 2025 Annual Action Plan(PDF, 2MB)
FY 2024 Annual Action Plan(PDF, 2MB)
FY 2023 Annual Action Plan(PDF, 2MB)
FY 2022 Annual Action Plan(PDF, 2MB)
FY 2021 Annual Action Plan(PDF, 3MB)
FY 2020 Annual Action Plan(PDF, 2MB)
FY 2019 Annual Action Plan(PDF, 2MB)

FY 2021 Annual Action Plan Amendment(PDF, 218KB) for use of $169,393 in supplemental ESG-CV funds

5 Year Plan

The five-year plan, also known as the Consolidated Housing and Community Development Plan, provides an overview of the Grand Rapids' community and a long-term strategy for federally funded housing and community development programs.

FY 2022-2026 Consolidated Plan(PDF, 10MB)

Annual Performance Report

The Consolidated Annual Performance and Evaluation Report (CAPER) is submitted to HUD every year. It is for the following programs:
  • Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)
  • HOME Investment Partnerships (HOME)
  • Emergency Shelter Grants (ESG) programs

The report is for July 1 through June 30 of each fiscal year. It describes activity that occurred during the year.  The report also assesses performance based on the Housing and Community Development Annual action Plan.

FY 2021 CAPER(PDF, 3MB)

 

Cumulative Investment and Accomplishments Reports

Year 1 Investment Report(PDF, 831KB) (for 5 Year Plan FY 2022-2026)

Year 2 Investment Report(PDF, 595KB) (for 5 Year Plan FY 2022-2026)

Year 5 Investment Report(PDF, 1MB) (for 5 Year Plan FY 2017-2021)

Just the Facts - Community Development Block Grant(PDF, 163KB)

Citizen Participation Plan

The Citizen Participation Plan describes how citizens are involved in the planning of the following programs:

  • Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)
  • HOME Investment Partnerships (HOME)
  • Emergency Solutions Grants (ESG) 

Citizen Participation Plan(PDF, 181KB)

HOME Investment Partnerships-American Rescue Plan (HOME-ARP) Allocation Plan

The HOME-ARP Allocation Plan outlines the planned use of supplemental funding for affordable housing and supportive services primarily for the benefit of individuals and families experiencing homelessness.  

HOME-ARP Allocation Plan(PDF, 696KB)

Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing Choice

The Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing Choice involves a review of how the City's ordinances, policies, and procedures affect housing location, availability, and accessibility.  It also assess how conditions, both public and private, affect fair housing choice. 

Residential Target Market Analysis (March 2015)

This analysis was completed by Zimmerman/Volk Associates. It considers the potential for housing development and redevelopment in the City. It focuses on areas near neighborhood business corridors. It also looks within the City’s Neighborhood Stabilization Program (NSP) boundaries.

Executive Summary(PDF, 338KB)
Target Market Analysis(PDF, 22MB)

Great Housing Strategies

On April 22, 2015, City Commissioners Ruth Kelly, Senita Lenear, and Elias Lumpkins, Jr. lead more than 200 people in a community conversation called The Great Housing Strategies. This event discussed the future of Grand Rapids housing.

 About Great Housing Strategies

Housing NOW!

Learn more about the Housing NOW! initiative. 

Housing NOW!

Housing Needs Assessment

Housing Needs Assessment - April 2023 Update

Economic Recovery and Resiliency Investment Strategy (ERRIS) 

ERRIS Dashboard

 

Learn more about Grand Rapids neighborhoods and neighborhood associations below. 

Neighborhood Lookup Map

Section 3 is a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requirement. Section 3 gives low-income residents preference for new employment, training, and contracting opportunities. Section 3 also gives contracting preferences to local businesses that employ low-income residents.

Section 3 is activated when construction and rehabilitation projects create the need for new employment, contracting, or training opportunities. Recipients or contractors are not required to hire Section 3 residents or award contracts to Section 3 businesses other than what is needed to complete a covered project.  If a covered project does not result in new employment, contracting, or training opportunities, the requirement of Section 3 is not activated. Nevertheless, the recipient and its contractors are required to submit Section 3 report information.

As a condition of receiving HUD housing and community development program funds, recipients must certify they will comply with the requirements of Section 3. 

Section 3 Handbook

This document describes Section 3 requirements, guidelines, and policies. It describes what the City of Grand Rapids and those who contract with the City need to do to follow Section 3.

Section 3 Handbook(PDF, 260KB)

Section 3 Worker Certification

Would you like to apply for Section 3 preference in hiring? Click below for the Section 3 Worker Certification form.

Section 3 Worker Certification(PDF, 2MB)

Would you like to be on the Section 3 preference list? You'll need to provide proof of residence and income.

You'll also need to be income eligible. You may use one of the following to prove income:

  • A public housing or Section 8 lease agreement
  • W-2 or income tax return
  • Receipt of public assistance

Section 3 Business Certification

Are you a business seeking Section 3 preference? Fill out our form below.

This is a self-certification, and Section 3 businesses are responsible for maintaining their Section 3 status and complying with all related HUD regulations. Certifications for Section 3 preference must be submitted to the Community Development Department before submitting bids for review.

Section 3 Plan 

You also need to fill out a "Section 3 Plan" form. It certifies you are committed to complying with the Section 3 act, Section 3 regulations, and the City of Grand Rapids Section 3 Guidelines.

Section 3 Plan- Owner/Developer and Contractors(DOC, 110KB)

Section 3 Plan- Subcontractors(DOC, 110KB)

Section 3 Business List

For a list of the Section 3 businesses that have submitted certification to the City of Grand Rapids, click below.

Section 3 Business List(XLSX, 17KB)

 

Are you a contractor or subcontractor? Are you working on construction projects covered by Davis-Bacon prevailing wage and reporting requirements? The following resources are for you.

Prevailing Wages 

The Davis-Bacon Act (DBA) requires the payment of prevailing wage rates, as determined by the U.S. Department of Labor, to laborers and mechanics. Prevailing wages are used for most federal construction projects costing more than $2,000.

Contractor's Guide to Davis-Bacon

This guide is for contractors and subcontractors. It explains the requirements for construction projects covered by the federal Davis-Bacon Act and other labor laws.

Guide to Davis-Bacon

Construction Categories: Definitions and Examples

Before selecting the proper wage determination for a project, you must select the correct construction category. This document defines the four categories of construction (building, heavy, highway, or residential) and provides help in determining the type of construction a project falls under.

Construction Categories

Wage Determinations/ General Decisions

A wage determination, as defined by the Department of Labor (DOL), is "a list of wage rates and fringe benefit rates for each classification of laborers and mechanics…which has been determined to be prevailing in a given area for a particular type of construction."

Wage Determinations

Payroll Form

This form must filled out weekly by contractors/subcontractors for each employee working on a project covered by Davis-Bacon requirements.

Payroll-Form

Payroll Checklist

This is a checklist of items to review before submitting payroll documents.

Payroll-Checklist

Subcontractor Instructions

This document gives instructions for submitting Certified Payroll Reports.  

Subtractor-Instructions

These resources are for organizations who submit information to the City.  They'll help you follow the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD's) rules.   


Section 106

Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) requires federal agencies to take into consideration the effects of their undertakings on historic properties.  HUD has delegated responsibility to local agencies and non-profits organizations to act on their behalf as the responsible entity for the Section 106 process.  The NHPA allows for the execution of programmatic agreements that establish the means by which federally-funded programs will comply with Section 106 requirements via an alternate process.  The City of Grand Rapids has entered into two such programmatic agreements with the Michigan State Historic Preservation Officer. 

Housing and Community Development Programmatic Agreement(PDF, 817KB)
Lead Hazard Reduction Programmatic Agreement(PDF, 802KB)

Structure and Site Inventory Card
The Structure and Site Inventory Card is used to help the local Preservation Specialist determine if a property is listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.

Structure and Site Inventory Card(PDF, 13KB)

Review of Work Form
This form is used to request Preservation Specialist review of work for properties listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.

Review of Work Form(PDF, 102KB)

Noise 
The Noise Guidebook is a reference document for implementing HUD's Noise Policy.

Go to HUD Noise Guidebook

Floodplain Management
A FIRMette is a full-scale section of a FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM). You create this map yourself online.  The tutorial includes how to find your flood map and make the FIRMette.

 Go to FEMA Flood Map