What is Hoarding Disorder?
Hoarding disorder is a mental health disorder nationally recognized by the DSM-V (2013) and DSM-V TR (2022). Individuals who display hoarding behavior struggle with the persistent difficulty getting rid of or parting with items due to a perceived need to save all items, regardless of monetary value. Usually, individuals who display hoarding tendencies save these items in excess.
Hoarding disorder can be displayed as a separate disorder or in combination with other disorders. Frequently, individuals who are diagnosed with hoarding disorder also have diagnosis of:
- Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCD)
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD)
Learn more from the American Psychiatric Association here.
Signs of hoarding
- Difficulty with discarding possessions
- Difficult getting around the house due to accumulation of items
- Floor and counter space within common areas of the home used as storage space
- Social isolation
- Excessive collecting of items
- Living spaces not being used as intended due to clutter
- Experiencing distress when attempting to get rid of items
Hazards of hoarding
- Poor health and living conditions
- Pest infestations
- Trip hazards or falling objects
- Improper removal of trash and waste
- Increased fire hazard due to clutter
- Blocked entrances and exits
Measuring hoarding activity
We measure the severity of hoarding using the scale from the Institute for Challenging Disorganization. Find out more about measuring hoarding here(PDF, 115KB).