Police Budget: Fiscal Year 2022
Our Police Department’s Fiscal Year 2022 budget runs July 1, 2021 through June 30, 2022. The budget is presented below with drill-down capability for varying levels of data analysis ranging from department total to individual units and expenditures.
The budget is focused on advancing the strategies and metrics outlined in the City’s Strategic Plan to ensure measurable improvements across each of the priority areas. It also aligns with the intended outcomes developed in the Police Department Strategic Plan.
About the Police Budget
Fiscal Year 2021 saw the Grand Rapids Police Department (GRPD) embrace the objectives of a citywide strategic plan, while also instituting a bold and innovative plan of its own. The Grand Rapids Police Department Strategic Plan redefines and reimagines policing in our neighborhoods. The agency has challenged itself to have a police officer assigned to each police beat in the city 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Not only will this officer be available to respond to emergencies, but will also serve as a resource, mentor and ambassador to the neighborhood. Every officer will be expected to learn the intimate details of their assigned areas and work to improve quality of life and build trust and legitimacy for the agency amongst community members.
The Grand Rapids Police Department responds to over 90,000 calls for service annually. These range from 911 emergencies to non-emergency/non-criminal requests for police services. The Hillard-Heintz staffing & deployment study made the following recommendations:
- The department hire more non-sworn personnel to serve in administrative positions currently staffed by sworn personnel, thereby allowing the sworn officer to focus on public safety and other operational duties.
- Reduce the kinds of calls for service the department responds to. Suggested calls for the following services be handled by other City Departments:
- Non-injury traffic crashes
- Parking enforcement
The number one priority for the police must remain the ability to respond to emergencies and priority calls for service within all neighborhoods of the city. The strategy of deploying an officer to every beat will greatly improve the department’s ability to provide this service efficiently and in line with its new concept of neighborhood-based policing. The current staffing situation is broken down as follows:
- There are 33 beats in the city of Grand Rapids. Deploying an officer on rotating 12 hours shifts to each beat would require 4 officers per beat. This means 132 officers are needed to cover each beat 24/7.
- The GRPD is currently authorized to employ 297 sworn personnel. Of these officers, 109 are currently assigned to patrol operations. Thirteen officers are currently in field training and there are 9 currently assigned as Community Policing Specialists (CPS).
- In March 2021, the GRPD redeployed personnel in line with its strategic plan. The 13 new officers and 9 CPSs were reassigned to patrol operations. This gives the department 131 officers to cover the 132 beats 24/7.
- The remaining personnel serve vital functions in the agency, from command to investigations. Some positions have been reassigned to non-sworn personnel as recommended within the staffing & deployment study.
The GRPD has also realigned personnel to respond to recent crime trends and community issues. These initiatives include:
- The formation of a Special Operations Division to utilize personnel and data with the intent to strategically address violent crime within neighborhoods without resulting in disparate outcomes.
- The creation of the Homeless Outreach Team and Mental Health Team, to assist and serve at-risk populations within the community and streamline available services.
- Approximately 81% of the FY2022 General Fund GRPD budget is for personnel and related costs.
- The next largest expenditure is contractual obligations and internal charges for services such as information technology, fleet vehicles, facilities, and insurance.
- The remaining expenditures include funds budgeted for training, travel and supplies.
Goals and Objectives
The GRPD has adopted the goals and objectives of the City strategic plan and the GRPD strategic plan. At the center of both initiatives are:
- Everyone is safe, and feels safe, at all times
- Adoption of a neighborhood based policing model to improve police services while increasing trust
- Leveraging technology and partnerships to increase efficiency
- Maximize the use of data and intelligence to utilize strategic and targeted approaches
- Engage with the community and raise the voice of stakeholders regarding police operations
The goals and objectives of the GRPD are aligned with department operations and its budget. The agency will continue to monitor its implementation and success of the strategic plans as it works toward not only meeting, but exceeding, the goals and objectives set forth.
Police Department Units
Administration - Chief's Office
The Chief’s Office includes the Chief of Police, Deputy Chief of Police in charge of operations (uniformed divisions of the police department), Deputy Chief of Police in charge of investigations and administration. The Chief’s Office manages and supervises all department personnel and directs all department operations. The research and planning unit also is also housed in the Chief’s Office.
Community Engagement Unit
This team develops, coordinates and carries out the department’s community engagement efforts. It also helps the City’s Human Resources Department in the recruiting and hiring of sworn and nonsworn personnel.
Internal Affairs Unit
This team receives and investigates allegations of misconduct by Police Department personnel, including use of excessive force, falsification/lying, civil rights violations, hostility, discourtesy or other conduct unbecoming an officer when such conduct is committed in a context of racial animosity or prejudice.
Patrol Unit/Community Policing Specialist
This team – the department’s largest – is tasked with all the traditional duties of a law enforcement officer. This includes responding to emergency and non-emergency calls for police services, traffic enforcement and addressing quality-of-life issues for community members throughout the city.
Patrol Unit Special Services/Traffic Unit
The Traffic Unit responds to and investigates fatal and serious personal injury accidents. It reviews vehicle crash reports and completes related investigations. It also manages the department’s Fleet Safety Program and serves as a liaison between the department and the City’s traffic engineer. Members of this unit are responsible for training all department personnel in conducting accident investigations and other traffic violation enforcement.
Neighborhood Patrol-Special Response Team
This team assumes resolution responsibility for all high-risk tactical operations to include but not be limited to hostage situations, barricaded individuals, weapons of mass destruction and criminal hazardous materials situations, suicidal individuals, high-risk search warrants, armed fugitives, high-risk K-9 track support, mobile team tactical support and dignitary protection.
Team members are assigned to address service area problems as identified by the respective Service Area Commander, utilizing a variety of patrol and investigative methods. This includes uniform and plain-clothes patrol, surveillance and vehicle, bike and foot patrols.
Forensic Services Unit
This team is staffed with non-sworn personnel who respond to crime scenes for the purpose of identifying, locating, collecting and documenting physical evidence.
Property Management Unit/Fleet
This team receives, secures and stores all custodial property and evidence. It also acquires, stores, controls and issues all department supplies and equipment.
This team is responsible for all computer-related equipment in the Police Department and its vehicles. It is responsible for evaluating, purchasing and developing software programs used by the department. It also is the keeper of all department records and data.
This team oversees the Police Department’s budget and payroll. All costs associated with running the Police Department are evaluated and approved or denied through this office. The team’s commander is in charge of the Training Bureau, Property Management, Financial Services and Communications Bureau.
This team is responsible for developing and implementing the training needs for all sworn personnel. It also ensures that all sworn personnel are equipped with the latest techniques and best practices to serve all community members.
Communications Bureau (Radio Services)
This team is comprised of civilian staff who install, maintain and repair police radio communications equipment. It asseses and repairs police alarm, radar, telephone, video and dispatch antenna towers and all electronic police vehicle equipment.
This unit consists of five teams: Major Case Team I, Major Case Team II, Family Services Team, General Case Team and Auto Theft/Financial Crimes Team. The Major Case Teams investigate homicides, life-threatening assaults, all robberies, weapon offenses, abductions, extortion, explosive devices or bomb threats, serious assaults and stalking. The Family Services Team investigates sexual assaults, sexually motivated abductions, indecent exposure, parental kidnappings, domestic assaults, child abuse and neglect, runaways, missing persons and stalking – domestic related. The General Case Team investigates burglaries, larcenies, malicious destruction of property, embezzlement, telephone offenses, minor assaults and receiving and concealing stolen property. The Auto Theft/Financial Crimes Team investigates auto thefts and attempts, pawn shops, precious metal dealers and second-hand shops, check law violations and fraud.
This team is tasked with conducting investigations involving narcotics and controlled substance violations, prostitution and commercial sex offenses, gambling and organized criminal activity. It monitors the sale and distribution of alcoholic beverages while enforcing the rules of the Michigan Liquor Control Commission.